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How to Write a Scientific Paper Step-by-Step Guide

Scientific papers are used to describe and share your original research work with other researchers. This means that scientific papers are significant to the development of modern science since they enable one scientist to form their work upon other scientists’ work.

Writing and publishing a scientific paper can be overwhelming because it is very demanding, and one of the most vital things in writing a scientific paper is to show that you can accomplish a project and write it up in the approved manner.

There is a need for you to be accurate and explicit, use language, diagrams, and mathematical formulas to deliver, elaborate, and display a vital approach to your work as well as literature.

How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper

Successfully writing and publishing a scientific paper need a substantial amount of effort. This effort can be maximized by following various examples and proposals when creating the paper for submission. Usually, scientific papers are compromised of the following parts;

  1. Title
  2. Abstract
  3. Introduction
  4. Materials and methodology
  5. Results
  6. Discussion
  7. Conclusion
  8. Acknowledgment
  9. Literature Used

It is important to note that different publications require different paper’s design. This specific organization of the scientific paper allows the readers to pinpoint a particular type of information rapidly.

1.    Title

The title of the scientific research paper should be particular and should be a concise summary of the paper’s primary emphasis. The title will help the readers decide if the document is relevant or interesting.

A good title should be able to give a comprehensive description of the research that was done. Sometimes, the title can be a summary of the results in a more effective way.

2.    Abstract

The publication of a scientific research paper is substantial in progressing your career, obtaining resources, and getting academic qualifications. The abstract offers a thorough, but a very brief summary of the research paper.

Writing a good abstract gives your readers or supervisors the ability to pinpoint the document’s fundamental content swiftly and accurately.

The abstract briefly states the statement of purpose, findings, and conclusions of the study. Avoid including details of the methods used, unless the study is procedural. That is, it is mainly concerned with the methods.

When writing an abstract, you should also avoid restating what is contained in the title. The abstract and the title must be published separately from the document in biological abstracts. Additionally, the abstract should be written in a single paragraph and be less than 250 words.

It can be hard to write an abstract, start by writing a summary of what you think is essential and should be highlighted. Avoid using citations or abbreviations in your abstract.

3.    Introduction

The introduction of the scientific research paper offers relevant contextual information and openly identifies the problems you want to address, thus setting the paper’s nature.

Think of the introduction as just the start of your document. Think of it as a funnel, start broad and then narrow. Put your study into a comprehensive content that anyone outside your filed would comprehend what you are trying to say. Then, narrow the scope until you touch the particular question that you want to address.

The introduction should describe the hypothetical background of your study and show why it is significant. Why was the study conducted?

Never use bullets or lists when writing the introduction, instead use prose. Finalize the introduction with the statement of the purposes, or rather a summary of the results. Whichever way, the reader must have an idea of what is coming next and where the paper is heading to trail the progress of evidence.

4.    Materials and Methodology

The materials and methodology section of your scientific paper will help the reader determine how you did the experiment or the study. This is the most direct section of your scientific paper.

To avoid forgetting any steps or details of your experiment, start writing it up when doing your experiment.

You must organize the sections and subsections with headers for every procedure you are describing to help direct the readers. The headers you will use here will be used in the results and discussion section of your paper.

When writing this section, you should aim at showing that you utilized scientifically effective methods and give the reader sufficient data to restructure your study. In addition to the study technique, you should describe any numerical analyses that you did.

If you used a procedure from another paper, make sure to cite the source where it was from and offer an overall explanation of the methodology. This section must have enough details to allow the reader to follow without referring to the original source.

You are also supposed to indicate your experiment step-by-step and maybe even include the challengers where there were errors; for example, you used tubes that were centrifuged for 10 minutes while it was supposed to be centrifuged for 5 minutes

 Don’t go into the details; you will have the next section, which is the discussion section, to do so.

Common Factors To Be Included

Site classification

  • Experiment organism used, the origin and any pre-experiment supervision
  • Description of the filed spot where the research was done

Design of the experiment

  1. Step-by-step procedure in the form of paragraphs
  2. Preparation of samples
  3. Experimental controls
  4. Experiment used
  5. Equipment settings
  6. Quantity of reagents used
  7. Precise measurements
  8. Statistical analysis

If you were using a complex procedure, you could include a diagram, table, or a flowchart to simplify the explanation.

Don’t forget to mention ethical concerns; for instance, if your experiment subjects were human, did they approve to take part in your experiment?

If you used animals in your experiment, what measures did you choose to ensure that there was the least possible pain?

5.    Results

This section is essentially the core of the scientific research paper. Most of the critical information might be included in graphs or tables. The results section allows the reader to carefully analyse the current data in the charts or tables and draw a decision.

This is the section where you present your results in a purely unbiased way and lay a basis for the discussion section, where the mentioned data will be individually interpreted.

Before going into this part, you must categorize the tables and graphs to help tell your story. To be on the right side, describe your data more naturally instead of using the lens of statistics.

Creating Tables

Tables are critical in scientific papers. A good table should present data simply and precisely. It should also allow the reader to understand the findings without referring to other sections of the document. A bad table for your scientific paper can be very puzzling to the reader and will dramatically reduce your research paper’s chances of being accepted. The following are some basic rules for creating effective scientific tables;

  • Use different cell for every value
  • Create the table with the right number of rows and columns. Tables without cells are usually messy if moved or even resized.
  • Utilize double lining space and horizontal line border
  • Use clear and enlightening titles

6.    Discussions

The discussion section will allow you to explain your data and state how they are related to your study. Your introduction should be able to link together the introduction and the results sections.

An excellent way to write your discussion is by stating the main results of your research. Re-spark inquisitiveness by reminding the reader about the information gap identified in the introduction.

Show and describe how your experiment when onward and filled the knowledge gap.

Address your problems using evidence from your results section. Briefly refer to your findings to support your discussion reports. Be sure to address the purpose of the study in this section and discuss the relevance of the results. End your discussion with a summary of the significance of the study.

7.    Conclusion

The conclusion section gives you your last opportunity to state the importance of your research. Do not repeat your significant results.

Instead, summarize the result of your study in such a way that makes room for new comprehensions or frames provocative questions that came up as a result of your research.

8.    Acknowledgment

Here, you will state all the people or institutions that backed your research. You can thank those who help you with your paper and spread where they would validate authorship.

Many researchers don’t take their time writing this section; they do it hastily. It is vital to note that the acknowledgment section establishes your honesty as a researcher and shows your influences and relationships. In a scientific research paper the acknowledgment section should contain;

  1. Your supervisor’s input
  2. The research group
  3. Support staff
  4. Students who did side projects
  5. Managerial staff
  6. Funding bodies
  7. Collaborative people, you worked with
  8. Friends
  9. Colleagues
  10. Family

9.    Literature Used

This section can also be referred to as the reference section. There can be many mistakes when writing the references, but things are easier when using tools that help you generate references.

In this section, you must mention all the scientific journals on which your research is based on. This section should also provide a list of contextual readings on the topic under research.

Bottom Line

You need to have some skills to write a scientific research paper. If you are an expert in that specific field, you can successfully research the given topic using accurate sources. But if you feel like the task is overwhelming, you can always order now and we’ll do the bulky work for you.

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