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How to Write an Introduction For a Scientific Research Paper

After reading the title and abstract, the next thing your audience will read is the introduction. Because the introduction is the first interaction your prof will have with your college research paper, it’s important that you begin strongly. The opening will allow you to engage readers and reviewers on your research topic.

Your introduction will lead your audience from a general research problem to a specific area of your research. Ideally, your introduction should discuss your research question and explain why the research is essential. You can do this by summarizing the background and current understanding of the topic.

Additionally, you should include a statement of the purpose of your research problem, and a hypothesis or questions your research paper will answer. For you to ace your research paper, it’s crucial that you explain your research methodology and explain what your study will reveal.

In this article, I will discuss how to start a research paper, what you should include in the introduction of your research paper, what you should leave out, and introduction paragraph examples. This article will also include what your professor and reviewers look for in the introductory part of your research paper.

Why the Introduction Section in a Research Paper is Important

Generally, the introduction of your research paper should answer the question why: Why did you choose the topic for research? Why is it important? Why did you adopt a particular research methodology in your paper? And so on.

The introduction section is also where you get to point out knowledge gaps that your paper will fill.

The next function of your introduction is to give background information about your research paper. This includes a description of your research problem or research question (you will discuss the solution or provide answers to the research question in the main body of your research paper).

Additionally, in your introduction, you can briefly provide solutions or approaches that have been used in the past.

Although a dissertation or thesis paper has a separate chapter page referred to as “Review of Literature,” a research paper doesn’t include this section. Instead, the introduction contains a short review.

After you write the background and set the context, the last part of the introduction to your research paper is to specify the objectives of the analysis or experiment described in your paper. This is the last part of the introduction, and it should include details or questions that your paper will answer in the body of the paper.

Tips on How to Start a Research Paper Introduction

Writing the introduction for a research paper can be a frustrating process. However, it doesn’t have to be if you plan your paper out. As a rule of thumb, the introductory paragraph makes up 10% of your research paper’s total word count.

For example, in a 4,000-word research paper, the introductory paragraph should be about 400 words spread over three paragraphs. With this in mind, below are four essential steps that will help you understand how to start a research paper:

1.    Provide background information

The introduction of your paper should prepare the reader for more detailed information that you will provide later in the body of your research paper. The first few sentences are often broad.

For example, a research paper discussing the benefits of bacteria in treating cancer can be: “The beneficial role that bacteria play as anticancer agents were discovered nearly a century ago.”

While the first few sentences are broad, the introductory sentence shouldn’t be broad. For instance, in the example provided, you’ll note that the introduction doesn’t begin by talking about cancer. Instead, it mentions the role of bacteria.

Ideally, the first sentence should introduce the broad field, and the second sentence can point to the specific area within the broad field.

2.    Introduce the Research Topic and State Why You Think It’s Important

The topic is the foundation of your research paper, which means that you should outline your topic and how it will reflect the various aspects you’ll cover in your paper.

You can do this by stating your topic and adding information connected with issues to the topic of your paper. This is a perfect strategy to capture the attention of your professor.

Ideally, you should start your introduction with general information and narrow down to concrete aspects. Avoid diving into the deep state of what you intend to discuss in your research paper.

Instead, you may want to explain your view on the topic. If you’re going to discuss difficult expressions, make them clear to your reader and point out how they relate to your topic.

3.    Discuss Any past Attempts That Have Tried to Solve the Research Problem

As we noted earlier, including a “reviews of literature” section in your introduction will be out of place. However, you should indicate any relevant research and point out how your research differs from them. While you may repeat similar experiments, you may use a different or a more advanced research method.

Your study may also involve a more diverse sample or a wider and different geographical setting. For instance, you can say, “although the current studies on this topic offer valuable information, they were undertaken when the genome sequence wasn’t available. This means they may not provide sufficient information on evolutionary mechanisms.”

4.    Conclude the Introduction of Your Research Paper by Stating Your Thesis

The thesis statement marks the conclusion of the introductory part of your research paper. Additionally, it acts as a transition to your actual research.

Your thesis statement supports everything you have written in your introduction and connects your ideas and views logically and concisely. If you are writing about a complex topic, it’s important that you make your thesis statement comprehensible.

Your thesis will guide you when writing your paper and set the tone of the entire research paper.

Get Professional Help

By following this simple guide, you will be able to write an introduction to your research paper. However, sometimes even the smartest students may fail to choose a competitive topic and create a solid thesis to support their claims. Even if you consider your topic as necessary, it may be questionable for your prof.

For this reason, if you want to ace your research paper, you may want to consider professional help from qualified researchers and writers who can reflect new ideas on paper. DoMyPaperNow writers provide A+ content, and they can help you improve your academic performance!

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